Limiting the number of places that sell alcohol, across the district or in selected areas/suburbs
The more places that sell alcohol in a community, the higher the rate of alcohol-related harms such as violence, assaults, drink driving, child maltreatment, self-reported harm and heavy drinking among adolescents and university students.
More outlets means more competition - outlets then stay open for longer and discount their prices to compete. Low prices enables heavier drinking and more harm.
A high density of liquor outlets can also lower the amenity and good order in a community - this may be because heavy drinkers cause street disturbance, litter, vomit, property damage, etc.
Preventing new alcohol outlets opening in vulnerable areas
In New Zealand, there are more places that sell alcohol in low income communities. Low income drinkers experience high levels of alcohol-related harm. Research shows that young Māori and Pacific males (i.e. 18-24 years) are more negatively impacted by living in close proximity to places that sell alcohol. Policies that prevent new alcohol outlets opening are urgently needed to reduce the unequal harm experienced by Māori, Pacific and low income populations.
Preventing new alcohol outlets being located near schools, Marae and other sensitive sites
Given alcohol is New Zealand's most harmful drug, we should reduce alcohol access and visibility to vulnerable populations, including children. It is important that new alcohol outlets should not open near schools, Marae, alcohol treatment facilities, churches and playgrounds.